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Autism & Creativity

There are many thoughts and ideas people have regarding the autism community. Some of which are true, while many are not. But one of the well-documented positive stereotypes is that people on the spectrum possess more creativity than the general population. I can say from personal experience that almost everyone I’ve ever met with ASD has excelled at either art, design, writing, or other creative outlets. It may be anecdotal, but I definitely feel there is a correlation, not just in how they express themselves, but also in how they think. Furthermore, according to several recent studies done on the subject, there may in fact be actual evidence to support this claim.

A study from the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders took place in 2015, which came to the conclusion that there’s a strong connection between autism and creativity. In the study, 312 people were provided with a questionnaire, 75 of whom had a diagnosis on the autism spectrum. The study goes into a lot of detail, but the main point it got across was that people with autism generate more creative, outside-the-box ideas. “People with autistic traits may approach creativity problems in a different way… They might not run through things in the same way as someone without these traits would to get the typical ideas, but go directly to less common ones,” said Martin Doherty, one of the co-authors of the study. The main example provided in the study was when the subjects were asked to identify all the different uses they could think of for a paperclip. The neurotypical participants came up with more standard answers, such as a hook or pin, the ASD participants gave answers such as a potential paper airplane weight, a wire to support cut flowers or a token for a game.

Artistic ability, something which goes hand in hand with creativity, also may have a strong link with autism. As mentioned before, just about every person I’ve ever met on the spectrum had a vivid, active imagination with a penchant for art, writing, etc., myself included. Autism allows us to think about and see the world in a different way than most. Not necessarily better or worse, just different. This provides advantages and disadvantages, but I definitely think it allows the creative juices to flow in abundance. This article from the Guardian delves into the stories of several adults on the spectrum who have excelled in creative fields due in large part to their autism.

I believe many with autism skew a bit further towards being “right brained.” The right side of your brain handles creativity, while the left brain deals in logic. I believe myself to be somewhere in the middle, drawing on both in equal measure. Certainly there’s nothing wrong with either, so long as you’re true to yourself.

  • G. Sosso
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